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                  医学英语——常用护理词汇

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                  Nursing processes 护理过程

                  assessment 估计

                  nursing diagnosis 护理诊断

                  planning 计划

                  intervention (implementation, management) 措施(实施、管理)

                  evaluation 评价Daily care of the patient 对病人的日常护理

                  morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)间护理

                  bedmaking 整理床铺

                  oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔卫生

                  brushing the teeth 刷牙

                  flossing the teeth 清牙垢

                  denture care 清洗假牙

                  bathing 洗澡

                  cleanliness and skin care 清洁与皮肤护理

                  perineal care 洗会阴

                  hair 梳头

                  shaving 刮脸

                  Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗脚

                  changing hospital gowns 更换住院服装

                  massage 按摩

                  bedsore care 褥疮护理Measurement of vital signs 测量生命体征

                  taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature

                  量口腔(直肠、腋下)体温

                  taking a radial pulse 测量桡动脉脉搏

                  counting respirations 计呼吸次数

                  measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血压Catheterization 导管插入术

                  cardiac catheterization 心导管插入术

                  laryngeal catheterization喉插管术

                  retro-urethral catheterization 逆行导尿管插入术

                  urethral catheterization 尿道导管插入术Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒灭菌

                  asepsis 无菌(法)

                  integral asepsis 完全无菌

                  disinfection 消毒

                  concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 随时消毒,?#35789;?#28040;毒

                  steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒

                  terminal disinfection 终末消毒

                  disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外线消毒

                  Sterilization 灭菌,消毒

                  chemical sterilization 化学灭菌法

                  fractional sterilization 间歇灭菌法

                  intermittent sterilization 间歇灭菌法

                  mechanical sterilization 器械灭菌法Decompression 减压(术)

                  oardiac decompression 心减压术

                  cerebral decompression 脑减压术

                  orbital decompression 眼眶减压术

                  decompression of decompression 心包减压术

                  gastro-intestinal decompression 胃肠减压术

                  decompression of rectum 直肠减压术

                  decompression of spinal cord 脊髓减压术Dialysis透析

                  peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析

                  hemodialysis 血?#21644;?#26512;Drainage 引流、?#23478;?br />
                  aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引?#23478;海?#24341;流)

                  closed drainage 关闭引流法

                  negative pressure drainage 负?#21038;?#24341;法

                  open drainage 开放引流法

                  postural drainage 体位引流法

                  vaginal drainage 阴道引流法

                  vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌肠

                  barium enema钡灌肠

                  blind enema肛管排气法

                  contrast enema对比灌肠

                  glycerin enema甘油灌肠

                  high (low) enema 高(低)位灌肠

                  magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸镁灌肠

                  retention (non-retention) enema 保留(无保留)灌肠

                  soapsuds enema ?#35797;?#27700;灌肠

                  turpentine enema 松节油灌肠Feeding 饲,喂养

                  Forced (forcible) feeding 强制喂养

                  intubtaion (tube) feeding 管饲法

                  nasal feeding 鼻饲法

                  rectal feeding 直肠营养法Heat and clod applications 冷、热敷

                  applying hot compresses 热敷

                  applying hot soaks 湿热敷

                  assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 帮病人坐浴

                  applying hot water bottles 用?#20154;?#29942;

                  applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋

                  applying cold compresses 冷敷

                  giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴Infusion 输入,注入

                  glucose infusion 葡萄糖液输注

                  glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-盐水输注

                  saline infusion 盐水输注

                  Injection 注射

                  endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮内注射

                  hypertonic saline injection 高渗盐水注射

                  hypodermic injection 皮下注射

                  intramuscular injection 肌内注射

                  intraocular injection 眼球注射

                  intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射

                  intrauterine injection 子宫内注射

                  nasal injection 鼻内注射

                  peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射

                  rectal injection 直肠注射

                  subconjunctival injection 结膜下注射

                  urethral injection 尿道注射

                  vaginal injection 阴道注射Irrigation 冲洗

                  vaginal irrigation 阴道冲洗

                  bladder irrigation 膀胱冲洗

                  continuous irrigation 连续冲洗法

                  mediate irrigation 间接冲洗法Isolation 隔离、分离

                  strict isolation 严密隔离

                  contact isolation 接触隔离

                  respiratory isolation 呼吸隔离

                  drainage (secretion) precautions 引流预防措施

                  enteric precautions 肠道预防措施

                  blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(体液)预防措施

                  protective isolation 保护性隔离Lavage 灌洗

                  blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法

                  ether lavage (腹腔内)乙醚洗法

                  gastric lavage 洗胃

                  intestinal lavage 洗肠

                  peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗

                  pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗Medication 药疗,投药,给药

                  endermic medication 皮内透药法

                  hypodermatic medication 皮下投药法

                  intramuscular medication 肌肉投药法

                  ionic medication ?#33009;?#36879;药?#21697;?br />
                  nasal medication 鼻内投药法

                  oral medication 口服法

                  rectal medication 直肠投药法

                  sublingual medication 舌下投药法

                  transduodenal medication 十二指肠内投药法

                  vaginal medication 阴道投药法

                  Suctioning 吸气引液

                  upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法

                  nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸

                  wound suctioning 伤口吸引Transfusion 输血

                  arterial transfusion 动脉输血

                  blood transfusion 输血

                  direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接输血

                  drip transfusion 滴注输(血)液

                  indirect transfusion 间接输血

                  plasma transfusion 输血浆

                  serum transfusion 输血清

                  venous transfusion 静脉输血,静脉输液Diet nursing 伙食护理

                  absolute diet (fasting) 禁食

                  balanced diet 均衡伙食

                  convalescent diet ?#25351;?#26399;饮食

                  diabetic diet 糖尿病饮食

                  eucaloric diet ?#23454;比?#37327;饮食

                  fat-free diet 无脂饮食

                  salt-free diet 无?#25105;?#39135;

                  fever diet 热病饮食

                  full diet 全?#24120;?#26222;通饮食

                  half diet 半食

                  high caloric diet 高热量饮食

                  high-carbohydrate diet 高糖类饮食

                  high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白饮食

                  invalid diet 病弱者饮食

                  light diet 易消化饮食

                  liquid diet 流质饮食

                  high fat diet 高脂饮食

                  low fat diet 低脂饮食

                  low caloric diet 低热量饮食

                  low-protein diet 低蛋白饮食

                  low-residue diet 低渣饮食

                  nourishing diet 滋补饮食

                  obesity diet 肥胖病饮食

                  prenatal diet 孕期饮食

                  regimen diet 规定?#31216;?br />
                  smooth (soft) diet 细软饮食Preparing the patient for the surgery 为病人手术前做?#24613;?br />
                  shaving the patient‘s skin (skin prep) 备皮 医.学教.育网搜.集整理

                  anesthesia 麻醉Postoperative care 手术后护理

                  coughing and deep-breathing exercises ?#20154;院?#21560;练习

                  applying elastic stockings 穿弹性袜

                  applying elastic bandages 用弹性绷带Emergency care (first aid) 急救护理

                  cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循环复苏术

                  mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation

                  口对口(口对鼻,口对颈部小口)循环复苏术

                  emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims

                  昏厥(休克、中风)患者急救

                  emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救

                  emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting

                  呕吐患者急救

                  emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癫痫发作急救

                  hospice care 临终护理

                  postmortem care 死后护理
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